Sport for disabled athletes has organized for more than 150 years, and the first sport clubs for the deaf were founded in 1888 in Berlin.

Until after World War II however, that sport for athletes with impairment was widely organized. The purpose of the competition at that time was to support the large number of war veterans and civilians who had been injured during wartime.

In 1944, response to the request of the British Government, Dr. Ludwig Guttmann founded a centre for people with spinal injuries at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Great Britain, and in time, rehabilitation sport has developed to recreational sport and then become competitive sport.


In 1948, on the day of the Opening Ceremony of the London 1948 Olympic Games, Dr. Guttmann conducted the very first competition for wheelchair athletes which he called the Stoke Mandeville Games, such a big milestone pave the way for Paralympic history. There were 16 injured servicemen and women participated in archery.

In 1952, Dutch ex-servicemen took part in the Movement and the International Stoke Mandeville Games were established.


The Stoke Mandeville Games later developed to be the Paralympic Games which was first organized in Rome, Italy, in 1960 with 400 participants from 23 countries. Since then they have organized every four years.

In 1976 the first Winter Games in Paralympics history were organized in Sweden, while the Summer Games, were organized every four years, and including a Paralympics Opening and Closing Ceremony.

After the Summer Games organized in Seoul, Korea in 1988 and the Winter Games organized Albertville, France in 1992 the Games have also organized in the same cities and venues as the Olympics due to an official agreement between the IPC and IOC.


In 1960, under the agreement of the World Federation of ex-servicemen, an International Working Group on Sport for the Disabled was established to study the problems of sport for disabled people. It led to the creation, in 1964, of the International Sport Organisation for the Disabled (ISOD)