Why Are There Winter Olympics And Summer Olympics? (Part 1)

The Olympics is a great international multi-sports event; of which, the Winter and Summer Olympics are two categories held once in every four years.

The Summer Olympic Games

The Summer Olympics hosted in the year 1894 with the purpose of promoting world peace and understanding via sports tournament. The first Olympic Games were organized in Athens, Greece in 1896 with the participation of 245 male athletes from 14 countries and women were not allowed to join those events. The United States appeared as the champions of the event despite the host country had the most number of athletes. The following Summer Olympics of the year 1900 had many countries participated. The event hosted in Paris, France where female athletes participate in croquet, tennis, sailing, and golf. Since then, the Summer Olympic Games have been updated over time up till today where many events are hosted, and many countries around the world are taking part in these competitions.
Summer Olympic Games are divided into five groups. In the first category , the events include athletics, gymnastics and aquatics. Basketball, cycling, tennis, football, and volleyball are in the second group. Badminton, table tennis, boxing, shooting, rowing, and weightlifting belong to the third category. In the fourth category, there are equestrian, canoe, handball, fencing, sailing, field hockey, taekwondo, triathlon, and wrestling. The fifth group includes pentathlon, rugby, and golf.

The Winter Olympic Games

The popularity of the Summer Olympic Games triggered the beginning of the Winter Olympics which was organized for the first time in 1924 in Chamonix, France. In 1925, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), decided to host Winter Olympics separately and included many games for this event. Both the Summer and Winter Games hosted in the same year until the year 1992 when the IOC made official decision to host the two games at different years. St. Moritz, Switzerland organized the second time Winter Olympics in the year 1928. The number of sports and participants were increasing after every four years.

Some of the Winter Olympic sports are divided into three categories. The first group includes Alpine and snowboarding events, ice sports, which include ice hockey, skeleton, figure skating and curling are in the second category, and Nordic events divided in the third category.